Diet along with castration at an older age is key to prevent UC . I wont write about this here, as there are plenty of good article already written...here we will address treatment.
Keep on hand:
Ammonium Chloride or 4 way acid packs which is used to prevent and treat UC...
Banamine is needed for pain...1 cc per 100# sub Q
sharp cuticle scissors or surgical scissors
Knowing the Signs of UC
Goat dribbles or barley pees...stands off to himself, often hunched in pain..restless, tail flicking, grinding of teeth...cries of pain...
Fast action is needed to avoid unnecessary pain and suffering...If the goat is still peeing, even sluggish, dosing ammonium chloride may be all that is needed based on the following schedule..
Always start with Banamine to aid in pain and inflammation.
“Mix the following in 20 cc water and orally drench: One (1) teaspoon Ammonium chloride per 75 lbs bodyweight every 12 hours for 2 days, then 1/2 tsp AC per 75 lbs bodyweight every 12 hours for the next 3 days, then 1/2 tsp once a day for 3 days, then 1/4 tsp daily as a preventative.” ( per tennessee meat goats)
or if you dont have Ammonium Chloride..
3 tbsp lemon juice, 1 cup water, give 20cc 4 x first day, 3 times next 2 days then twice a day after that; that's what I have as a preventive
If you find yourself with out AC or the acid pack...Fruit Fresh from the canning isle at the grocery store can help, many have success with Apple Cider Vinegar...use at the same dose as AC.
Adding Vit c daily as a support is helpful. and Banamine for pain and swelling.
If pee is stopped to a dribble or all together...Gently massage sheath to help break up stones and encourage peeing...if this is not working...snipping the pizzle may give instant relief. Here is a great link of this
I found this info that has been successful for others. I have never dealt with UC on our farm..so have no first hand experience..but want to give options
“at first sign of UC
Give Soluble ammonium chloride drench NOW, plus another 300mg/kg drench 2x/day for a week. Acepromazine NOW. ( a sedative is to relax the penile muscles in an attempt to let the stones through) Banamine NOW. Dexamethasone NOW, plus 1ml/20lbs IM 1x/day...he needs the full dose of dex for at least 3 tp 5 days IMHO, and your vet will probably want to 'wean' him down off of it after that. Antibiotics NOW. I'd probably go with good ol' PenG here, since he's gonna be on dex for a good while anyway and PenG works better when given for an extended dosage period. Dosage is 1ml/15lbs 2x/day for 7-10 days through an 18ga needle (20ga if you wuss out).”
Someone also suggest Methigel which is also for cats. I read its only effective when they goat is still peeing some, not totally blocked..
Its also recommended to keep and use Acid packs in place of Ammonium Chloride...
some good reads to learn more and hopefully stay ahead of UC.
A note from a trusted source of ....
Why Alfalfa...In most cases (ie: not for calcium UC prone animals)
To put it simply, when a goat eats a bite of alfalfa one of two things happen.
1) The goat's body pulls the calcium out of the alfalfa into the bloodstream and puts it where it can be used. This can only happen with simple uncontaminated calcium molecules. The extra and unusable molecules go through the kidneys and are excreted in the urine.
2) The goat's body pulls out only the calcium it needs at the time for the bloodstream, the rest stays in the plant mush. The plant mush is later brought up as cud and the extra calcium it contains is excreted into the saliva, this also can only happen with simple uncontaminated molecules. From there it is swallowed back down and goes through the digestive system to be evacuated through the bowels. The contaminated molecules are filtered through the kidneys and excreted with the urine here too.
Situation 1 happens only in Boers, Pygmies, and about 50% of Nigerians. Situation 2 happens in all other American breeds. This is one reason why Boers and Pygmies are more likely to acquire UC.
Calcium Carbonate stones are very much an African breed problem, they are so rare as to be almost a nonissue in other breeds.
Don't get me wrong, the other breeds have their own problems. There are many types of stones and many areas with different browse, water, and soil composition.
Calcium Carbonate- Buildup of calcium in the bladder, usually deposited on dead cells of one type or the another. Can be started by vitamin A deficiency, illness, stress or injury, magnesium overload, or spontaneous.
Calcium Phosphate- usually caused by too much grain and/or pelleted feeds containing little roughage.
Calcium Oxalate- usually caused by to much vitamin C in the system, too much potassium, too much magnesium, and high oxalate plants (Including FLAXSEED- getting rid of this would be my first advise to the OP).
Struvites- combination of grass based diet and a natural bacteria found in dirt.
Silica stones- Caused by high silica content in grass and/or DE.