Coccidiosis is a parasitic disease of the intestinal tract of animals caused by coccidia, which is a protozoa. In other words it is an proliferation/overgrowth of coccidia (protozoan parasite) that is causing damage to the intestinal tract..
Coccidia is the parasite (a protozoa). Sometimes you hear people call coccidia "cocci", but that is incorrect.
NOT coccidia is Cocci, a bacterium, so that is a totally different thing then the parasite/protozoa we call Coccidia. We usually know what one means when they say Cocci, but its good to use the proper term in case you really mean cocci the bacterium and not coccidia the parasite...
Prevention is better then treatment in many things, especially Coccidia. Coccidia often causes irreversible damage...unthrifty animals..stunt growth.
DO NOT RELY ON MEDICATED FEEDS !!
There is no way to be sure your goats are eating enough to help and in small amounts can actually cause a resistance...Starting preventive at 3 weeks old through weening is your best option.
Dark black smelly runny poop, hunched, lethargic, looks so skinny and off feed. The infection has begun. Coccidia leaves scars in the intestines which can prevent absorption of nutrients. The sooner you get it under control the better recovery you will see...
Once your goat is dealing with coccidia, along with treatment you can add GI soother to help reduce inflammation of the intestines..1/2-1 teaspoon each cayenne pepper, ginger, cinnamon, ACV and molasses in enough water to drench once or twice daily. Banamine maybe needed if the goat is in pain. Pepto can sooth the tummy and help dry the bum. Addressing dehydration is a must by adding electrolytes, bottle, drench or tub if needed. B complex supports the body and should be given daily. There are many article on Coccidia and so I will not re write the whole sha-bang but encourage you to do some reading.
sulfa meds are no longer available over the counter (OTC).
We now have to get them through the vet. Most Vets will only give you Corid. Corid is my last choice.
However: Dimethox/SulfaMed injectable is one that you can still get OTC. its given orally.
Dose for Dimethox 40%( Albon) or SulfaMed is
1 cc per 5# day one and 1 cc per 10# day 2-5, repeat every 21 days until weening. Boosters maybe needed after stressors.
If you have Dimethox 12.5% dose is 1 1/2 cc per 5# for 5 days.
Baycox 5% ( Toltrazuril 5%) ordered from Horseprerace.com is a great preventive choice and my first go to if herbs and ess. oils are not getting it. Although it works better as preventive, it will work as treatment, booster in 10 days
Toltrazuril dose is 1 cc per 5# booster in 10 days and anytime after stressors. Such as Weening, Moving to new home or illness ect....until 5 months old then only as needed
Coccidiosis is not just a kid disease..Adults can find themselves over loaded after stressors as well such as illness, kidding or heavy worm load....Fecals are always helpful.
CORID: when you have no other option and have to use corid, here are the instructions you should follow for safety..
Mix 6 tablespoons corid to 16 oz water....
You can make a smaller batch by cutting this recipe in half...then dose for 5 days at ...
30cc per 100lbs
15cc per 50lbs
7.5 cc per 25 lbs
3.75 cc per 12.5#,
1.87 cc per 6.25#
Mixing Corid powder: Dosage: Mix (10.5 Tbsn) or 3 oz powder per 1 qt water A smaller batch can be made, by cutting it in half. ect Dose as above
Corid has been known to cause goat polio. It is best NOT to give any b vitamin or thiamine while using corid, however if you notice baby acting off, drunken, star gazing, dancing eyes ect..stop corid and dose baby with thiamine...continue thiamine treatment for 24 hours AFTER all symptoms are gone
Treatment and antibiotics: Any coccidia meds and tetracyclines should not be given at the same time. If you use Penicillin along with sulfa drug, it will kill off a huge number of good bacteria and can run the goats rumen compromised...its advices to use probiotics daily when doing both...always 3-4 hours after treatment